Ethics could impact Musk’s Mars colonization plan
Lately, SpaceX CEO Elon Musk has publicized his plans on Mars colonization. As per him, the one-way ticket to Mars would cost as less as $200,000 given the fact that Mars travel becomes a common thing.
There are a number of uncertainties with regard to Mars colonization plan, including whether or not humans would be able to survive the six-month trip through space and if SpaceX would ever be able to build the rocket needed to take humans to the Red Planet.
Even if Musk is able to sort out all these limitations of science, technology, and financing, there remains one thing that can damage Musk’s plans and that is ethics and may be space law. Any colonization demands a source of water.
But as per the 1967 Outer Space Treaty, no such activity is allowed as it can lead to harmful contamination of celestial bodies with life from earth. Microbe is one thing that can be found in every part of Mars.
All the spacecrafts that land on Mars need to be sterilized, but for now it is not known that whether or not bacterial life can form self-sustaining colonies on Mars. Also, all the missions aimed at other planets are bounded by planetary protection protocols.
It is under these protocols it is decided that on which areas a mission can land and where it cannot and also, the exploration limits are decided under these protocols only. Musk wants to send humans on Mars that are considered to be full of microbes meaning that there are high chances that the Red Planet would be contaminated with terrestrial life. Experts think that the medicine rule should be followed to explore Mars and that is no harm should be suffered to anyone.