Anopheles gambiae on its Way to Develop into Two Genetically Different Strains

According to researchers, malaria-carrying mosquito is developing into two different dangerous types of species, and it would be very difficult to control the spread of this blood parasite.

Scientists report that around half of about 500 million new cases of malaria every year happen due to Anopheles gambiae, which is the primary vector of malaria in whole of Africa.

The researchers have found that this mosquito has developed in two strains that are genetically different and will soon become two separate species.

The scientists who identified the genetic variation between the two strains are concerned that in the coming years it would be very difficult to control malaria, as the approach to eradicate one species of mosquito may not work for the other species.

Out of dozens of other mosquito species, Anopheles gambiae is considered to be the main species to transmit malaria, because of its high prevalence in African continent.

Professor George Christophides of Imperial College, London said, “Malaria is a deadly disease that affects millions of people, and amongst children in Africa it causes one in every five deaths”.

Mara Lawniczak also of Imperial College said that the new study indicates that the evolution of different species of mosquitoes are quite rapid than expected and it is very essential to keep track of these strains and design the eradication strategies accordingly.