On Monday, the American Heart Association framed new cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guidelines that altered the way what should be done in a situation if a person gets affected with cardiac arrest.
The new rules have changed the traditional CPR technology to employ breath rescue first before giving chest compressions and have laid emphasis on using chest compressions as preliminary resuscitation. The old method was ABC - airway, breathing and compressions, while new guidelines depict CAB - compressions, airway, and breathing.
The new CPR guidelines are relevant for adults, children, and infants, but not for infants. Even many studies have backed that only chest compressions can ease the cardiac arrest situation equally as traditional CPR does.
Michael R. Sayre, MD, Chair of the emergency cardiovascular care committee for the American Heart Association and co-author of the executive summary of the 2010 AHA guidelines for CPR and emergency cardiovascular care stated that with the old procedure, there were delays in the chest compressions, important for the circulation of blood and also, mouth to mouth resuscitation could be given by a trained only. He added that chest compressions were easy to administer by bystanders.
Sayre said, “In many cases, there is a reserve of oxygen left in the patient's blood and lungs, from the last breath, and we can take advantage of that oxygen reserve and just do chest compressions".
In case of cardiac arrest, call helpline 911; in case of not getting response, start giving the person chest compressions 5 to 6 cm deep and around 100 pushes a minute by placing hand on center of his/her chest. After 30 compressions, follow two rescue breaths.