Sweet victory: DNA of chocolate in reach

Scientists have mapped the DNA of chocolate in recent date.

It essentially is a research which has been done by McLean candy company Mars who did the sequencing of the cacao tree, which generates seeds of the cocoa.

It is aimed to offer the regular supply of chocolates and the company will not shrug to share the secrets.

Howard-Yana Shapiro, a Santa-bearded chocolate scientist stated that the information is immaculate and will be available for the world.

The genome mapping is done to improve the breed of chocolate, which is proves to be the traditional method of breeding trees, a laborious, trial-and-error process where the gene will help isolate the sweetest offsprings and the replicate them.

The Shapiro said, "Some discerning eaters have complained that the quality of cocoa has fallen in recent years, but no one knows whether that is because of soil, weather or genetics. Now finally, we have insight on how to stabilize it and raise it over time."

The major objective of the project is to produce disease resistant trees, and since the trees are prone to pests and disease. The report states farmer witnesses a minimum loss of $700 million to $800 million worth of damage every year.

It was stated that nearly 70 percent of the world's cocoa is produced from West Africa one of the biggest source is Cote d'Ivoire, soon after by Ghana. The third position has been taken by Indonesia.

Brazil is claimed to be one of top generators cacao, which has been infected by a fungus named as witches'-broom that affected the cocoa crops in late 1980s and destroyed the entire production.

Two years back the Mars, in association with IBM and the USDA, started sequencing the cacao genome, and directed $10 million to the project and proclaimed to use reveal the results to the outer world.

The DNA of cocoa is an easy thing to be read when compared to other beings, enabling users to offer information more about cacao tree's traits, stated David Kuhn, a USDA research molecular biologist based in Miami.

However, it is said, "it's a very well-behaved genome."