Melbourne researchers have discovered through a new study that inflammatory cells present in the fat tissues resist the body to the effects of insulin, which is commonly taken by the patients of type II diabetes.
The results of the study could pave way for new drugs, which help to control diabetes. According to the scientists, the immune system of obese people reacts against fat tissues, which results into the development of problems including insulin resistance.
In Australia, more than 50% of adults are obese and there are about 1.2 million people in Australia, who are suffering from type 2 diabetes.
Testing the fat tissues of more than 100 Victorians, who have had lap-band operation for severe or morbid obesity in four years, was also a part of the study.
Dr. John Wentworth and Professor Len Harrison from the institute's Autoimmunity and Transplantation section were the main researchers of the study.
Dr. Wentworth said that in obese people, inflammation in the fat tissue results into diabetes and this is a different way of analyzing that how body weight increases diabetes.
"The complications of obesity such as insulin resistance and diabetes, cardiovascular disease associated with hardening of the arteries, and liver problems are the result of inflammation that occurs in the fat tissue", Professor Harrison explained.